BRIEF AND DETAIL SPECIFICATIONS OF ROADS

 

SPECIFICATIONS:

The details of different items of work, the quantity of materials, proportion of mortar and workman ship which are described in specifications.

Specifications are of two types:

·         General or Brief specifications

·         Detail specifications

General or Brief specification: 

It is a short description of different parts of the work specifying materials, proportions, qualities etc.

Detail Specification:

The detail specifications of different items of work are prepared separately, and describe what the work should be and how they shall be executed and constructed.

The detail specifications form an important part of contract document.

BRIEF SPECIFICATIONS OF CLEARING, GRUBBING AND DISMANTLING:

The brief specifications of Clearing and Grubbing and Dismantling of a given land are to be done by mechanical means or by physical means.

DETAIL SPECIFICATIONS OF CLEARING, GRUBBING AND DISMANTLING:

CLEARING AND GRUBBING:

Scope:

This work shall consist of cutting, removing and disposing of all materials such as trees, bushes, shrubs, stumps, roots, grass, weeds, top organic soil not exceeding 150 mm in thickness, rubbish etc., which in the opinion of the Engineer are unsuitable for incorporation in the works, from the area of road land containing and embankment, drains, cross-drainage structures and such other areas as may be specified on the drawings or by the Engineer. It shall include necessary excavation, back-filling of pits resulting from uprooting of trees and stumps to required compaction, handling, salvaging, and disposal of cleared materials. Clearing and grubbing shall be performed in advance of earthwork operations and in accordance with the requirements of these Specifications.

Preservation of Property/Amenities:

Roadside trees, shrubs, any other plants, pole line, fences, signs, monuments, buildings, pipelines, sewers and all highway facilities within or adjacent to the highway which are not to be disturbed shall be protected from injury or damage. The Contractor shall provide and install at his own expense, suitable safeguards approved by the Engineer for this purpose.

During clearing and grubbing, the Contractor shall take all adequate precautions against soil erosion, water pollution, etc., and where required, undertake additional works to that effect vide Clause 306. Before start of operations, the Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for approval, his work plan including the procedure to be followed for disposal of waste materials, etc.

Methods, Tools and Equipments

Only such methods, tools and equipment as are approved by the Engineer and which will not affect the property to be preserved shall be adopted for the work. If the area has thick vegetation/roots/trees, a crawler or pneumatic tyred dozer of adequate capacity may be used for clearance purposes. The dozer shall have ripper attachments for removal of tree stumps. All trees, stumps, etc., falling within excavation and fill lines shall be cut to such depth below ground level that in no case these fall within 500 mm of the subgrade. Also, all vegetation such as roots, under-growth, grass and other deleterious matter unsuitable for incorporation in the embankment/subgrade shall be removed between fill lines to the satisfaction of the Engineer. On areas beyond these limits, trees and stumps required to be removed as directed by the Engineer shall be cut down to 1 m below ground level so that these do not present an unsightly appearance.

All branches of trees extending above the roadway shall be trimmed as directed by the Engineer.

All excavations below the general ground level arising out of the removal of trees, stumps, etc., shall be filled with suitable material and compacted thoroughly so as to make the surface at these points conform to the surrounding area.

Ant-hills both above and below the ground, as are liable to collapse and obstruct free subsoil water flow shall be removed and their workings, which may extend to several meters, shall be suitably treated.

Disposal of Materials:

All materials arising from clearing and grubbing operations shall be the property of Government and shall be disposed of by the Contractor as hereinafter provided or directed by the Engineer.

Trunks, branches and stumps of trees shall be cleaned of limbs and roots and stacked. Also boulders, stones and other materials usable in road construction shall be neatly stacked as directed by the Engineer. Stacking of stumps, boulders, stones etc., shall be done at specified spots with all lifts and up to a lead of 1000 m.

All products of clearing and grubbing which, in the opinion of the Engineer, cannot be used or auctioned shall be cleared away from the roadside in a manner as directed by the Engineer. Care shall be taken to see that unsuitable waste materials are disposed of in such a manner that there is no likelihood of these getting mixed up with the materials meant for embankment, subgrade and road construction.

Measurements for Payment:

 

Clearing and grubbing for road embankment, drains and cross-drainage structures shall be measured on area basis in terms of hectares. Clearing and grubbing of borrow areas shall be deemed to be a part of works preparatory to embankment construction and shall be deemed to have been included in the rates quoted for the embankment construction item and no separate payment shall be made for the same. Cutting of trees upto 300 mm in girth including removal of stumps and roots, and trimming of branches of trees extending above the roadway shall be considered incidental to the clearing and grubbing operations. Removal of stumps left over after trees have been cut by any other agency shall also be considered incidental to the clearing and grubbing operations.

 

Cutting, including removal of stumps and roots of trees of girth above 300 mm and back-filling to required compaction shall be measured in terms of number according to the sizes given below:-

 

i)                    Above 300 mm to 600 mm

ii)                   Above 600 mm to 900 mm

iii)                 Above 900 mm to 1800 mm

iv)                 Above 1800 mm

 

For this purpose, the girth shall be measured at a height of 1 meter above ground or at the top of the stump if the height of the stump is less than one meter from the ground.

Rates:

The Contract unit rates for the various items of clearing and grubbing shall be payment in full for carrying out the required operations including full compensation for all labour, materials, tools, equipment and incidentals necessary to complete the work. These will also include removal of stumps of trees less than 300 mm in girth as well as stumps left over after cutting of trees carried out by another agency, excavation and back-filling to required density, where necessary and handling, salvaging, piling and disposing of the cleared materials with all lifts and upto a lead of 1000 m.

           The contract unit rates for cutting (including removal of stumps and roots) of trees of girth above 300 mm shall include excavation and back-filling to required compaction, handling salvaging, piling and disposing of the cleared materials with all lifts and upto a lead of 1000 m.

Where a Contract does not include separate items of clearing and grubbing, the same shall be considered incidental to the earthwork items and the Contract unit prices for the same shall be considered as including clearing and grubbing operations.

 

 

DISMANTLING CULVERTS, BRIDGES AND OTHER STRUCTURES/PAVEMENTS

Scope:

This work shall consist of removing, as hereinafter set forth, existing culverts, bridges, pavements, kerbs and other structures like guard-rails, fences, utility services, manholes, catch basins, inlets, etc., which are in place but interfere with the new construction or are not suitable to remain in place, and of salvaging and disposing of the resulting materials and back filling the resulting trenches and pits.

Existing culverts, bridges, pavements and other structures which are within the highway and which are designated for removal, shall be removed upto the limits and extent specified in the drawings or as indicated by the Engineer.

Dismantling and removal operations shall be carries out with such equipment and in such a manner as to leave undisturbed, adjacent pavement, structures and any other work to be left in place.

All operations necessary for the removal of any existing structure which might endanger new construction shall be completed prior to the start of new work.

Dismantling Culverts and Bridges:

 

The structures shall be dismantled carefully and the resulting materials so removed as not to cause any damage to the serviceable materials to be salvaged, the part of the structure to be retained and any other properties or structures nearby.

Unless otherwise specified, the superstructure portion of culverts/bridges shall be entirely removed and other parts removed below the ground level or as necessary depending upon the interference they cause to the new construction. Removal of overlying or adjacent material, if required in connection with the dismantling of the structures, shall be incidental to this item.

Where existing culverts/bridges are to be extended or otherwise incorporated in the new work, only such part or parts of the existing structure shall be removed as are necessary and directed by the Engineer to provide a proper connection to the new work. The connecting edges shall be cut, chipped and trimmed to the required lines and grades without weakening or damaging any part of the structure to be retained. Due care should be taken to ensure that reinforcing bars which are to be left in place so as to project into the new work as dowels or ties are not injured during removal of concrete.

Pipe culverts shall be carefully removed in such a manner as to avoid damage to the pipes.

Steel structures shall, unless otherwise provided, be carefully dismantled in such a manner as to avoid damage to members thereof if specified in the drawings or directed by the Engineer that the structure is t be removed in a conditions suitable for re-erection, all members shall be match-marked by the Contractor with white lead paint before dismantling; end pins, nuts, loose plates, etc., shall be similarly marked to indicate their proper location; all pins, pin holes and machined surfaces shall be painted with a mixture of white  lead and tallow and all loose parts shall be securely wired to adjacent members or packed in boxes.

Timber structures shall be removed in such a manner as to avoid damage to such timber or lumber as is designated by the Engineer to be salvaged.

Dismantling Pavements and Other Structures:

 

In removing pavements, Krebs, gutters, and other structures like guard-rails, fences, manholes, catch basins, inlets, etc., where portions of the existing construction are to be left in the finished work, the same shall be removed to an existing joint or cut and chipped to a true line with a face perpendicular to the surface of the existing structure. Sufficient removal shall be providing for proper grades and connections with the new work as directed by the Engineer.

All concrete pavements, base course in carriageway and shoulders etc., designated for removal shall be broken to pieces whose volume shall not exceed 0.02 cu.M. and stockpiled at designated locations if the material is to be used later or otherwise arranged for disposal as directed.

Back-filling:

Holes and depressions caused by dismantling operations shall be back-filled with excavated or other approved materials and compacted to required density as directed by the Engineer.

 

Disposal of Materials:

 

All materials obtained by dismantling shall be the property of Government. Unless otherwise specified, materials having any salvage value shall be placed in neat stacks of like materials within the right-of-way, as directed by the Engineer with all lifts and upto a lead of 1000 m.

Pipe culverts that are removed shall be cleaned and neatly piled on the right-of-way at points designated by the Engineer with all lifts and lead upto 1000 m.

Structural steel removed from old structures shall, unless otherwise specified or directed, be stored in a neat and presentable manner on blocks in locations suitable for loading. Structures or portions thereof which are specified in the contract for re-erection shall be stored in separate piles.

Timber or lumber from old structures which is designated b the Engineer as materials to be salvaged shall have all nails and bolts removed there from and shall be stored in neat piles in locations suitable for loading.

All materials obtained from dismantling operations which, in the opinion of the Engineer, cannot be used or auctioned shall be disposed of as directed by the Engineer with all lifts and upto a lead of 1000 m.

Measurement for Payment:

 

The work of dismantling structures shall be paid for in units indicated below by taking measurements before and after, as applicable:

(i)                 Dismantling brick/stone masonry/

            Concrete (plain and reinforced)                                                          cu. m.

(ii)               Dismantling flexible and cement concrete pavement                         cu. m.

(iii)             Dismantling steel structures                                                    tone

(iv)             Dismantling timber structures                                                 cu. m.

(v)               Dismantling pipes guard rails, Krebs, gutters and fencing          linear m.

            (vi) Utility services                                                                              No’s

Rates:

The Contract unit rates for the various items of dismantling shall be paid in full for carrying out the required operations including full compensation for all labour, materials, tools, equipment, safeguards and incidentals necessary to complete the work. These will also include excavation and back-filling where necessary to the required compaction and for handling, salvaging, piling and disposing of the dismantled materials within all lifts and upto a lead of 1000 m.

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